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题名: The formation and electronic structures of 3d transition-metal atoms doped in silicon nanowires
作者: Xu, Q;  Li, JB;  Li, SS;  Xia, JB
发表日期: 2008
摘要: Using first-principles methods, we systematically study the mechanism of defect formation and electronic structures for 3d transition-metal impurities (V, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Co) doped in silicon nanowires. We find that the formation energies of 3d transition-metal impurities with electrons or holes at the defect levels always increase as the diameters of silicon nanowires decrease, which suggests that self-purification, i.e., the difficulty of doping in silicon nanowires, should be an intrinsic effect. The calculated results show that the defect formation energies of Mn and Fe impurities are lower than those of V, Cr, and Co impurities in silicon nanowires. It indicates that Mn and Fe can easily occupy substitutional site in the interior of silicon nanowires. Moreover, they have larger localized moments, which means that they are good candidates for Si-based dilute magnetic semiconductor nanowires. The doping of Mn and Fe atom in silicon nanowires introduces a pair of energy levels with t(2) symmetry. One of which is dominated by 3d electrons of Mn or Fe, and the other by neighboring dangling bonds of Si vacancies. In addition, a set of nonbonding states localized on the transition-metal atom with e symmetry is also introduced. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3000445]
KOS主题词: Exchange interaction;  Semiconductors;  Gallium arsenide;  Manganese
刊名: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS
专题: 中国科学院半导体研究所(2009年前)_期刊论文

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推荐引用方式:
Xu, Q ; Li, JB ; Li, SS ; Xia, JB .The formation and electronic structures of 3d transition-metal atoms doped in silicon nanowires ,JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS,2008 ,104(8): Art. No. 084307
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